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1915
 
in the headlines

US President: Woodrow Wilson

US Vice President: Thomas R Marshall

Germany announces a submarine blockade of the British Isles

Britain begins a blockade of German ports

Italy signs a secret treaty with Britain, France, and Russia agreeing to enter the war on their side in return for territorial gains.

Germany wins most of the eastern front

Germany introduces poison gas

Germans torpedo the 'Lusitania'

Military conscription is introduced in Britain

Albert Einstein proposes a new theory on gravity

The one millionth Ford automobile rolls off the assembly line.

The Superior Court in Fulton County, Ga. accepts the charter for the establishment of the new Ku Klux Klan

1915 mileposts

In the United States

  • Materials shortage begin as a result of World War I, even though the US is not yet an active participant
  • Industry volume leaps to 895,930 cars and 74,000 trucks
  • The usefulness of trucks in the European war boosts their sales at home
  • Red Cross chose Buick for its ambulances
  • General Tire Incorporated
  • Shell operates a shell shaped station at the Exposition.
  • U.S. auto industry agrees to cross-license patents
  • Daily traffic at the corner of Fifth Avenue and 34th Street-25,580 vehicles & 142,230 pedestrians
  • Emily Post motors coast to coast in a widely publicized stunt. Her son drives every kilometer of the way
  • Detroit blacksmith August Fruehaf builds the first tractor trailer
  • U.S. Post Office threatens to deny rural free delivery to communities with poor roads
  • Demountable tires and prism headlights are introduced
  • Electric Welding Co. becomes America's leading producer of engine values
  • General Motors declares its first dividend, $50 per share
  • Queens, New York City, suburban developers are widening the traditional house lot to allow room to park autos
  • C.D. Noonan of Paris Illinois advertises a kit to add overhead valves to Fords for street racing
  • Gas prices rise to 25 cents per gallon
  • Taxi industry begins when automobile owners discover that people will pay for a short automobile ride. Fare is a 'jitney' (a nickel), and cars are soon called jitneys. Drivers are known as 'hackers' or 'hackies' in east, 'cabbies' in the mid-west

US Auto Manufacturers

  • On December 10, Ford produces one millionth car
  • The Ford Model T is restyled with curved rear fenders and electric headlights; a Couplet and Center-Door Sedan are added
  • Cadillac offers tilt beam headlamps. It's new engine ranks as the first successful V-8 built in America, Initially developing 60 horsepower from a 314 cubic inches, it lasts until 1927
  • Horace and John Dodge launch their company with an all-steel body car
  • Frank Duryea liquidates his car firm, goes into retirement at age of 38.
  • Chevrolet introduces the popular 490 model, which sells 100,000 units within two years
  • Packard announces a V-12, appropriately called 'Twin Six' in May, as a 1916 model
  • Standard size Scripps-Booth cars appear, designed by William B. Stout. The company had formerly built the 'Rocket' cyclecar
  • Dodge go on sale, with a 35-bhp four and cone clutch -it's the first mass-produced car with all steel body
  • Packard, Winton, Kissel, and Kline autos offer an aisle between the front seats, so passengers can move between front and rear
  • The Gadabout cyclecar roadster features a wicker body on a wood frame
  • Oldsmobiles are fitted with a standard top and windshield-still extra cost items on most cars
  • The Detroit-built Saxxon, priced at $395, is one of the light cars that is gaining in popularity

And From the World

  • First military tests of tanks |(developed as land ships by the British Royal Navy)
     
new makes: 1915

Alter, Biddle, Crane-Simplex, DeKalb, Dort, Farmac, Harvard,
Herff-Brooks, Hollier, Madison, Mecca (cyclecar),
Menominee Electric, Meteor, Milburn Electric (debut late 1914),
Ogren, Owen Magnetic, Pilgrim,  Pilliod, Richard, Ross,
Scripps-Booth, and Yellow Cab.

1915 Production figures 
1. Ford...................................................501,462
2. Willys-Overland......................................91,904
 3. Dodge...................................................45,000
4. Maxwell................................................44,000
5. Buick...................................................43,946
6. Studebaker...........................................41,243
7. Cadillac................................................20,404
8. Saxon..................................................19,000

Some figures are estimates or calendar year

By the Numbers

US Population ................................  100,546,000

New Births .......................................  2,965,000

 

Federal spending ............................  $0.75 billion

Consumer Price Index ................................  10.1

Unemployment ........................................  8.5%

DOW Avg. .............................................  99.15

 

Avg. Income (year) ...........................  $1,076.00

New Home (Median Price) ...................  $4,800.00

New Car (Avg. Cost) ............................  $500.00

Gas (gallon) ...............................................  8

First Class Stamp ......................................... 2

 

Bacon (pound) ...........................................  27

Bread (loaf) ................................................  7

Butter (pound) ...........................................  36

Coffee (pound) ...........................................  30

Eggs (dozen) .............................................  34

Flour (5 pounds) .........................................  21

Milk (qt) .....................................................  9

Sugar (pound) .............................................  7

Steak (pound) ...........................................  26

Round Steak (pound) ..................................  23

New in 1915

gas masks

chlorine gas

Aspirin in tablet form (introduced by Bayer)

Pyrex (heat & shock-resistant borosilicate glass)

Kraft processed cheese

D W Griffith's film 'Birth of a Nation'

telephone

General Tire

Raggedy Ann