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1902
 

in the headlines

US President: Theodore Roosevelt

US Vice President: none
 

The Texas Oil Company (Texaco) is formed

The United States pays France $40,000 for the rights to the Panama Canal

The Yellow Fever Commission announces that the disease is carried by mosquitoes

The massive Nile dam at Aswan is completed

Enrico Caruso makes his first gramophone recording.

Aswan Dam is completed in central Egypt, becoming the chief means of storing irrigation water for the Nile valley.

Cuba gains independence from Spain.

Bureau of the Census is established; it later becomes part of the Department of Commerce.

Approximately 150 thousand United Mine Workers strike in Pennsylvania for a wage increase and more suitable hours.

1902 mileposts

In The United States

  • some 9,000 automobiles are built in America this year, output is rising steadily
  • Herbert Marble convicted for vehicular manslaughter in Connecticut
  • Omaha bans autos from its park roads
  • Louis S. Clarke, of Autocar, designs the porcelain spark plug insulator and patents double-reduction gearing for rear axles
  • While attending Cornell University, Clarence W Spicer builds a car to test U-joints and shaft drive, leading to the formation of the Spicer Manufacturing Company
  • The 112-member National Association of Automobile Manufactures adopts a 60-day guarantee for new automobiles
  • T H Shevlin is fined $10 in Minneapolis for traveling more than 10 mph faster than the speed limit
  • Motor Mart is established in New York City to buy and sell used cars
  • A Chicago ordinance allows the driver to wear spectacles (but not eyeglasses)
  • American Automobile Association is formed in Chicago to oversee racing
  • A Pierce Motorette is victorious at the Automobile Club of America's endurance run
  • Ford's "999" racing car sets a speed record: five miles in five minutes, 28 seconds
  • A speeding car in Hackensack NJ spooked a horse pulling two men on a lawn mower. One man was seriously hurt and the other killed. This incident prompted the need for speed limits on roadways
  • Max Grabowsky organizes Rapid Motor Vehicle Company to build one-ton trucks. This company was the beginning of GMC Trucks.
  • The Apperson brothers leave Elwood Haynes to build cars of their own
  • W K Vanderbilt Jr establishes a world record covering a kilometer in 29.67 seconds, an average speed of 122.4 kilometers per hour. He drove a Mors, a French make.
  • Henry Ford and Alexander Y. Malcomson agree to develop a car

US Auto Makers

  • Apperson - the Appersons brothers, formerly with Haynes, begin production of their own automobile
  • Cadillac - the Detroit Automobile Company becomes Cadillac Automobile Company; the first complete car is built in October
  • Electric Vehicle Company - granted right, by court decision, to make and use Sterling Elliott's steering knuckle
  • Franklin and Holsman (a high wheeler built through 1910) make their debut. Franklin will become the best-known manufacturer of cars with air-cooled engines
  • Locomobile - the 1st US gasoline automobile with a four-cylinder, front mounted, water-cooled engine
  • Marmon Motor Company begins production again, with the French Darraq company supplying engines and chassis
  • Northern - Jonathan Dixon Maxwell joins Charles Brady King to build the Silent Northern, which introduced an integral engine and transmission assembly, three-point suspension of power unit, and running boards; designs siphon cooling system which Benjamin and Frank Briscoe manufactured
  • Pierce - (Buffalo) builds the first car named after a weapon, the Arrow
  • Packard - the Packard firm changes its name from Ohio Automobile Company to Packard Motor Company; Packard patents the "H" gearshift slot pattern, which soon becomes commonplace
  • Stevens-Duryea - J Stevens Arms & Tool Company begins manufactured of a two-cylinder car called the Stevens-Duryea, designed by J Frank Duryea
  • Studebaker - Studebaker is now in production with electric cars
  • Oldsmobile - builds over 2,000 vehicles

From Around the World

  • Kaiser Wilhelm II, an auto fan after his carriage loses a race to one, offers a prize for the development of an automobile useable by farmers
  • Dr. F W Lancaster of Birmingham England builds experimental disc brakes
  • Influential German urban planner Herman-Joseph Stubbing recommends narrowing residential streets in new subdivisions to 2.5 meters to restrict traffic
  • English inventor F R Simms builds a "Motor War Car" that carries a crew of four, two Maxim machine guns, and a Maxim pop-pop gun
  • Leipzig, Germany, transit company places a red/green signal at a street intersection where two of its routes cross
     
new makes: 1902
Apperson Baldner Binney & Burnham Steam
Brazier  Blomstrom Bristol 
Centaur  Cloughley  Covert 
 Davenport Steam Decker  Flint Steam
Franklin  Fredonia  Gaethmobile 
General  Graham Motorette  Holsman 
Ideal Kunz  Model 
Murray  Northern  Pomeroy 
Rambler  Reber Rockaway 
Sandusky  Santos Dumont Studebaker Electric
Toledo (gas) Tourist  Union 
Upton  Walter  Wick (prototype only)
  Wildman

Yale

 
production figures
 
  1. Locomobile...................................2,750
  2. Oldsmobile...................................2,500
  3. Rambler.......................................1,500
  4. White............................................385
  5. Knox.............................................250
  6. Packard.........................................179
  7. Stanley..........................................170
  8. Union..............................................60

Some figures are estimates
 

 
by the numbers


US Population..........................................................79,163,000

GNP....................................................................$21.6 billion

Federal spending ................................................. $0.49 billion

Unemployment  .............................................................3.7%

DOW Average ..............................................................64.29

 

Average yearly income....................................................$681

New Home (median price).......................................$2,400

New Car (average cost).............................................$1,155

Gas (gallon) ................................................................... 5

Stamp............................................................................2

 

Bacon (pound) ............................................................. 18

Beef (pound)................................................................ 6.2

Bread (loaf).....................................................................4

Butter (pound) ............................................................. 29

Cheese (pound) .......................................................... 10.1

Coffee (pound) ............................................................. 6.5

Eggs (dozen) ................................................................ 25

Milk (quart).....................................................................7

Molasses (gallon) ......................................................... 7.2

Rice (pound) ............................................................... 2.1

Sugar (pound) ............................................................... 6

new in 1902

Teddy Bearbullet Teddy bear (named after President Theodore Roosevelt after he refused to shoot a bear while on a hunting expedition)

bullet Crayola-brand crayons

bullet Times Literary Supplement

bullet Pepsi-Cola Company

bullet Nabisco's Barnum's Animal Crackers

bullet Ritz Hotel in London

bullet fan club (for English actor Lewis Waller)Buster Brown

bullet gas-powered lawn mower

bullet Buster Brown and his dog, Tige, hit the New York Herald in 1902.

bullet 1st Rose Bowl Game in Pasadena Ca - January 1 - University of Michigan (49) Stanford (0)

bullet Carnegie Institute founded in Washington DC

bullet American Automobile Association (AAA) founded in Chicago

bullet Enrico Curuso becomes 1st well-know performer to make a recordPeter Rabbit

bullet Texaco Oil Company (Texaco) formed

bullet J C Penny's opens 1st store in Kemmerer Wyoming

bullet 1st Automat restaurant opens (818 Chestnut St Philadelphia)

bullet President Theodore Roosevelt becomes 1st US Chief Executive to ride in an automobile

bullet Beatrix Potter published The Tale of Peter Rabbit

bullet Sir Arthur Conan Doyle published the Hounds of the Baskervilles

bullet Scott Joplin wrote the music the Entertainer