BRASS-NICKEL
TOURING REGION

underwood

1909

In The Headlines

 
  • Astronomers sight what might be a planet beyond Neptune
  • The US government leaves the Isle of Cuba as Jose Gomez is sworn in as president of the republic.
  • Men and women over 70 draw their first old-age pensions.
  • Commander Robert E Peary of the US Navy is the first person to reach the North Pole.
  • President Taft announces that a naval base will be built in Pearl Harbor to protect the US from Japanese attack.

 1909 Mile Posts

In the United States

  • Production this year-123,990 passenger cars and 3,297 trucks and buses
  • By year's end, more than 290 makes are built in the US, in 24 states, 45 from Michigan, 44 from Indiana, 39 from Ohio
  • The Selden patent was sustained as valid and infringed upon by Ford
  • President William Howard Taft and Mrs. Taft ride in a White Steamer to the inaugural ball.
  • The American death toll in horse-related accidents is 3,850-more than in motor vehicle accidents
  • The 5th Vanderbilt Cup Race, on Long Island, was won by Harry Grant in an Alco, on October 30
  • Fabric or cape tops, called one-man tops, appeared on the market
  • First electric horn
  • Legislators from New York, Massachusetts, New Jersey and Connecticut meet to plan a uniform traffic code
  • D W Griffith's movie 'Drive For Life' has a high-speed car chase
  • The first rural section of concrete pavement, a one-mile stretch, opens on Woodward Ave near Detroit on July 4 at a cost of $13,534
  • First event at Indianapolis Motor Speedway was a hot air balloon race
  • This year's Glidden Tour is the longest ever at 2,636 miles
  • Detroit: 1,000 cars on display in Glidden Auto Parade; said to be biggest in history
  • A Maxwell-Briscoe was driven from New York to Oakland by Alice H. Ramsey, the 1st woman to make the cross-country trip
  • The Ninth National Automobile show focuses on customer satisfaction, not merely taking orders. Some 71% of gaoline-engined cars exhibited are four-cylinder, 27% are six-cylinder
  • Some steering wheels have a corrugated underside to prevent hand slippage
  • This year's manufacturing trends include larger numbers of cellular-type radiators, greater use of magnetos, more chrome-nickel steel and vanadium steel
  • High-tension ignition systems replace make-and-break setups on most cars
  • Louis Chevrolet, auto racer, drove a 40-horsepower Buick to victory in the Cobe Cup race in Crown Point, Indiana on June 19
  • Barney Oldfield drove his German Benz racer to five world records on August 21 at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway. Oldfield drove his 120-horsepower machine to world records at 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25 miles
  • Joan Newton Cuneo beats the famous driver Ralph DaPalma in a road race in New Orleans. Shortly after that, the American Automobile Association bans women from racing
  • On November 20, federal court rules Standard Oil in violation of Sherman Antitrust Act, orders cessation of trade; case to go to Supreme Court
  • Incandescent lamps are used in automobile headlights. They replace carbide flame jets
  • When women take up automobile driving, a new field open for fashion designers. Special clothes for motoring include a long viel to keep a lady's hat in place. 'Automobile wrinkles' are soothed away by the application of raw, freshly cut cucumbers

US Auto Manufacturers

  • Sears-Roebuck offers cars in its catalog
  • Maxwell begins successful advertising campaign in rural weeklies
  • In 1909, 10,607 Ford Model-T's were sold. By the 1920's 50% of all registered cars were Model-T's
  • The first 800 Model T's produced were brought out with 2 levers and 2 pedals
  • Cadillac, Oakland and other automakers join General Motors Company
  • The Hupmobile featured transmission clutch in unit with the motor, multiple-disc clutch,& fuel reserve in gasoline tank
  • Hudson Motor Car Company is founded, with the first cars produced in July (as 1910 models)
  • Louis Chevrolet, famous racer, began work on a six-cylinder passenger car of his own design, in his Detroit shop
  • Henry B. Joy became president of Packard
  • Gramm trucks featured overdrive transmission
  • The White Company built a gasoline engine driven car to replace the famous White Steamer
  • W. S. Seaman & Company (later Seaman Body Corp.) built their first automobile bodies in Milwaukee.
  • Buick's four cylinder Model 7 is huge, with 5 X 5-inch bore and stroke for 392.6 cid; only 85 are sold for 1909-1910
  • Packard launches a smaller, less expensive Model 18 with a 265.7 cid, four-cylinder engine

And From Around the World

  • Ford opens a Model-T assembly plant in Britain.
  • Paris adopts one-way streets.
  • Alfa-Romeo, Suzuki Loom Works are founded
  • Anglo-Persian Oil Company (later British Petroleum) formed
  • Payne-Aldrich tariff taxes autos imported into the US at 45%
  • European countries set common noise and smoke regulations
  • August Horch has a falling-out with his co-directors, and leaves the company. He sets up the August Horch Automobilwerk, and his old company, Horch sues. August Horch renames his company Audi


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 New Makes: 1909

Abbott-Detroit, Alco, Babcock, Black Crow, Broc Electric,
Coates-Goshen, Cole, Correja,  Croxton-Keeton, Cutting, Detroit-Dearborn,  Emancipator, Empire, Enger, Everitt, F.A.L.,  Firestone-Columbus, G.J.G., Herreshoff, Hudson,  Hupmobile, Illinois, Inter-State, Jonz, Kauffman (Advance), Kearns, Keystone, Lexington, McCue, McIntire, Metz, Ohio, Paige-Detroit, Petrel, Pickard, Pilot, Planche, Pratt-Elkhart, Ricketts, Roebling, Salter, Sellers, Spoerer, Sterling, Toledo, Velie, Washington, and Wescott

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 1909 production figures


1. Ford.........................................................17,771
2. Buick........................................................14,606
3. Maxwell......................................................9,460
4. Studebaker/EMF...........................................7,960
5. Cadillac......................................................7,868
6. Reo...........................................................6,592
7. Oldsmobile..................................................6,575
8. Willys-Overland...........................................4,907

Some figures are estimates or calendar year

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By The Numbers


US Population.....................................90,490,000
Avg. Income........................................$944/year
DOW Avg......................................................99
New Home (Median Price)...........................$2,650
New Car (Avg. Cost).................................$1,280
Milk (Qt).......................................................8
Bread (Loaf)..................................................4
Steak (lb).....................................................19
Stamp..........................................................2

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 new in 1909

  • Lipton's Tea
  • electric toaster
  • Lincoln penny
  • Kewpie dolls
  • enclosed double-decker bus
  • 16th Amendment to the US constitution, which authorizes a federal income tax.

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