BRASS-NICKEL
TOURING REGION

underwood

1905
 

in the headlines

  • The states of Oklahoma and New Mexico are admitted to the union
  • The French psychologist Alfred Binet invents intelligence tests.
  • The Automobile Association is founded in Britain.
  • Commander Perry sets sail on his 2nd expedition to the North Pole on July 16.
  • The Wright Brothers, Orville and Wilbur, make the longest flight yet of 38 minutes and 3 seconds.
  • Psycho-analyst Sigmund Freud sparks controversy with the publication of 'Three essays on the Theory of Sexuality.'

1905 Mile Posts

In the United States

  • Industry output totals 24,250 cars and 750 trucks. Number of registered automobiles rises to 77,988. as compared to only 300 ten years earlier. Automobile is still considered a toy by most people
  • Most popular song in the US is 'In My Merry Oldsmobile' by Gus Edwards
  • Ford gives workers a $1,000 Christmas bonus, which exceeds most workers annual salary
  • Ford abandons the gas buggy style Model A for the Mercedes style Model B
  • Ford exports its first vehicle to Japan
  • A White Steamer leads President Theodore Roosevelt's inaugural parade
  • William Durant ventures into the auto industry buying Buick
  • Rear-entry tonneaus are giving way to longer bodies with side doors
  • Big gasoline-engine cars are the trend at the 5th National Automobile Show. Exhibits included 177 gasoline-powered cars, 31 electrics, and 4 steamers. The New York auto show is the largest industrial exhibit in US
  • Innovations this year include Goodyear universal rims, ignition lock, power tire pump, Gabriel exhaust horn, Weed Tire Chains
  • The first cars were sold on the installment plan
  • Half the American motor vehicles are in New York or New Jersey
  • New York City Police Department buys three motorcycles. They set up one way traffic pattern on Times Square with safety islands in the center
  • New York imposes the first one way circular pattern on a rotary at Columbus Circle, based on a concept proposed by French architect Henard in 1903
  • C H Laessing invents the modern gas pump
  • John Jacob Astor, Jr. spends $30,000 maintaining 20 cars
  • American Automobile Association holds the first Glidden Tour to test car reliability and show the need for good roads
  • Patrick Tierney of New Rochelle New York makes diners modeled after railroad cars
  • Buick spends $100,000 on its racing team
  • First stolen car in the US reported in St. Louis
  • Mrs. C C Fitler wins an auto race before 20,000 spectators in Cape May NJ
  • George Selden builds a prototype conforming to the specifications of his 1877 patent. Its longest run is 400 meters
  • Chicago bicycle police officer arrests Flo Ziegfield and Anna Held for violating the 12-mph speed limit
  • Glen Pool (oil) discovered in Oklahoma
  • On July 5 in New York, the world's record for mile in a steam-powered car is cut to 48.8 seconds
  • NSU expands its motorcycle construction facilities to include automobiles

US Auto Manufacturers

  • First year production begins for the friction drive Cartercar, Lozier, Moon, and Reo
  • The engine in the new Ariel car is air-cooled in winter, water-cooled in summer
  • Adams-Farwell boasts a rotary three-cylinder engine
  • American Mercedes issues an exact copy of its German-built car
  • The Baker Electric makes its formal debut early in the year
  • The Crawford Automobile Company is organized by Robert S. Crawford, known for bicycles
  • A four-cylinder Cadillac debuts, with three-speed planetary transmission
  • Oldsmobile adds a side-entrance, two-cylinder touring model
  • Overland produces two-and four-cylinder cars, abandoning the one-lunger powertrain
  • The final single-cylinder Ramblers are built; two-cylinder models will be continued through 1909
  • A 20-bhp, four-cylinder Studebaker debuts
  • Franklin begins featuring six-cylinder engines on its models
  • The Winton Motor Company acquires Cleveland Cap Screw Company, which becomes the Electric Welding Company

And From Around the World

  • Britain imposes a gasoline tax informally earmarked for road improvements
  • London 'Daily Graphic' coin a new word 'smog' to describe the mixture of smoke & fog
  • Revolutionaries set the Baku oil fields aflame

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New Makes: 1905

A.B.C. High-wheeler, Adams-Farwell, American Mercedes, Ardsley, Ariel, Aurora, Banker, Berkshire (debut in late 1904), Boss, Breese & Lawrence, Cartercar, Corbin, Crawford, Culver, Eagle Air Cooled, Forest City (prototype), Fritchle Electric, Gale, Gas-Au-Lec, Halladay, Hammer, Johnson, La Petite, Leader, Lozier, Maxwell, Monarch, Moon, Morse Steam, Oxford, Parsons Electric, Pullman, Rauch & Lang, Rainier, Reeves, Reo, Speedway, Victor, Walker, and Waltrous

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 1905 production figures


1. Oldsmobile.............................................6,500

2. Cadillac................................................3,942

3. Rambler................................................3,807

4. Ford.....................................................1,599

5. Franklin.................................................1,098

6. White...................................................1,015

7. Reo.........................................................864

8. Maxwell...................................................823

Some figures are estimates or calendar-year
 

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 By the numbers


US Population..................................83,822,000

Avg. Income.....................................$862/year

DOW Avg...................................................96

New Home (Median Price)........................$2,400

New Car (Avg. Cost)..............................$1,594

Milk (Qt)....................................................7

Bread (Loaf)...............................................4

Steak (lb) ................................................18

Stamp........................................................2

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 New in 1905

  • Society of Automobile Engineers is formed
  • Norway (independence gained from Sweden after 91 years of union)
  • Self-measuring gas pump in Fort Wayne Indiana
  • First Rotary Club is founded in Chicago
  • Electromagnetic seismograph
  • Chemical fire extinguisher
  • Vicks VapoRub (marketed as Vicks Magic Croup Salve)
  • Palmolive Soap
  • Variety
  • Spiegel mail-order catalogue
  • National Audubon Society
  • The first nickelodeon in the US opens in Pittsburgh and shows The Great Train Robbery

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