BRASS-NICKEL
TOURING REGION

underwood

1902

in the headlines

  • The Texas Oil Company (Texaco) is formed
  • The United States pays France $40,000 for the rights to the Panama Canal
  • The Yellow Fever Commission announces that the disease is carried by mosquitoes
  • The massive Nile dam at Aswan is completed

1902 mileposts

In The United States

  • some 9,000 automobiles are built in America this year, output is rising steadily
  • Herbert Marble convicted for vehicular manslaughter in Connecticut
  • Omaha bans autos from its park roads
  • Louis S. Clarke, of Autocar, designs the porcelain spark plug insulator and patents double-reduction gearing for rear axles
  • While attending Cornell University, Clarence W Spicer builds a car to test U-joints and shaft drive, leading to the formation of the Spicer Manufacturing Company
  • The 112-member National Association of Automobile Manufactures adopts a 60-day guarantee for new automobiles
  • T H Shevlin is fined $10 in Minneapolis for traveling more than 10 mph faster than the speed limit
  • Motor Mart is established in New York City to buy and sell used cars
  • A Chicago ordinance allows the driver to wear spectacles (but not eyeglasses)
  • American Automobile Association is formed in Chicago to oversee racing
  • A Pierce Motorette is victorious at the Automobile Club of America's endurance run
  • Ford's "999" racing car sets a speed record: five miles in five minutes, 28 seconds
  • A speeding car in Hackensack NJ spooked a horse pulling two men on a lawn mower. One man was seriously hurt and the other killed. This incident prompted the need for speed limits on roadways
  • Max Grabowsky organizes Rapid Motor Vehicle Company to build one-ton trucks. This company was the beginning of GMC Trucks.
  • The Apperson brothers leave Elwood Haynes to build cars of their own
  • W K Vanderbilt Jr establishes a world record covering a kilometer in 29.67 seconds, an average speed of 122.4 kilometers per hour. He drove a Mors, a French make.
  • Henry Ford and Alexander Y. Malcomson agree to develop a car

US Auto Makers

  • Apperson - the Appersons brothers, formerly with Haynes, begin production of their own automobile
  • Cadillac - the Detroit Automobile Company becomes Cadillac Automobile Company; the first complete car is built in October
  • Electric Vehicle Company - granted right, by court decision, to make and use Sterling Elliott's steering knuckle
  • Franklin and Holsman (a highwheeler built through 1910) make their debut. Franklin will become the best-known manufacturer of cars with air-cooled engines
  • Locomobile - the 1st US gasoline automobile with a four-cylinder, front mounted, water-cooled engine
  • Marmon Motor Company begins production again, with the French Darraq company supplying engines and chassis
  • Northern - Jonathan Dixon Maxwell joins Charles Brady King to build the Silent Northern, which introduced an integral engine and transmission assembly, three-point suspension of power unit, and running boards; designs siphon cooling system which Benjamin and Frank Briscoe manufactured
  • Pierce - (Buffalo) builds the first car named after a weapon, the Arrow
  • Packard - the Packard firm changes its name from Ohio Automobile Company to Packard Motor Company; Packard patents the "H" gearshift slot pattern, which soon becomes commonplace
  • Stevens-Duryea - J Stevens Arms & Tool Company begins manufactured of a two-cylinder car called the Stevens-Duryea, designed by J Frank Duryea
  • Studebaker - Studebaker is now in production with electric cars
  • Oldsmobile - builds over 2,000 vehicles

From Around the World

  • Kaiser Wilhelm II, an auto fan after his carriage loses a race to one, offers a prize for the development of an automobile useable by farmers
  • Dr. F W Lancaster of Birmingham England builds experimental disc brakes
  • Influential German urban planner Herman-Joseph Stubbing recommends narrowing residential streets in new subdivisions to 2.5 meters to restrict traffic
  • English inventor F R Simms builds a "Motor War Car" that carries a crew of four, two Maxim machine guns, and a Maxim pop-pop gun
  • Leipzig, Germany, transit company places a red/green signal at a street intersection where two of its routes cross

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new makes: 1902


Apperson, Baldner, Binney & Burnham Steam, Blomstrom, Brazier, Bristol, Centaur, Cloughley, Covert, Davenport Steam, Decker, Flint Steam, Franklin, Fredonia, Gaethmobile, General, Graham Motorette, Holsman, Ideal, Kunz, Model, Murray, Northern, Pomeroy, Rambler, Reber, Rockaway, Sandusky, Santos Dumont, Studebaker Electric, Toledo (gas), Tourist, Union, Upton, Walter, Wick (prototype only), Wildman, Yale

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production figures

Locomobile......................................................2,750
Oldsmobile......................................................2,500
Rambler..........................................................1,500
White...............................................................385
Knox................................................................250
Packard............................................................179
Stanley.............................................................170
Union.................................................................60
Some figured are estimates

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Some figures are estimates

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by the numbers

US Population.................................................79,163,000
GNP.............................................................$21.6 billion
Avg Inc..........................................................$681/year
DOW Avg..................................................................64
New Home (Median Price).......................................$2,400
New Car (Avg. Cost).............................................$1,155
Milk (Qt)...................................................................7
Bread (Loaf)..............................................................4
Steak (lb).................................................................14
Stamp......................................................................2

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new in 1902

  • Teddy bear (named after President Theodore Roosevelt after he refused to shoot a bear while on a hunting expedition)

  • Buster Brown and his dog, Tige, hit the New York Herald in 1902.

  • Crayola-brand crayons

  • Times Literary Supplement

  • Pepsi-Cola Company

  • Nabisco's Barnum's Animal Crackers

  • Ritz Hotel in London

  • fan club (for English actor Lewis Waller)

  • gas-powered lawn mower

  • 1st Rose Bowl Game in Pasadena Ca - January 1
    University of Michigan (49) Stanford (0)

  • Carnegie Institute founded in Washington DC

  • American Automobile Association (AAA) founded in Chicago

  • Enrico Curuso becomes 1st well-know performer to make a record

  • Texaco Oil Company (Texaco) formed

  • J C Penny's opens 1st store in Kemmerer Wyoming

  • 1st Automat restaurant opens (818 Chestnut St Philadelphia)

  • President Theodore Roosevelt becomes 1st US Chief Executive to ride in an automobile

  • Beatrix Potter published The Tale of Peter Rabbit

  • Sir Arthur Conan Doyle published the Hounds of the Baskervilles

  • Scott Joplin wrote the music the Entertainer

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